The Marx conflict theory begins with the notion that there are two basic groups of people within society – the wealthy and the poor.
Additionally, Marxist conflict theory looks at what happens when one group attempts to rebel against the other group and the various roles a group of people (or one person) has over another group of people.
For Marx, conflict theory was a way to study the social control that the rich have over the masses. Further, he believed that one society or organization only functions in order to try and better their social situation, which usually results in some type of social upheaval.
Social change that occurs as a result of a revolt effectively alters society as a whole.
Does Conflict Mean A Revolution?
Often, when the people revolt against the ruling class the result is a revolution. However, this does not always occur. Sometimes, social conflict occurs between those that believe in different ideologies, and sometimes social conflict happens on a much smaller scale.
Marxist conflict theory seeks to study the inner-workings of struggle, why struggle occurs, and how the ruling class manages to hold onto their power during struggle.
The complexity of Marxian Conflict Theory
Marxian conflict theory is quite a complex topic once you begin to dissect it. In fact, Marx conflict theory is a sort of ongoing conversation amidst various theorists.
From these conversations we have learned that there are a few types of basic conflicts including:
- Conflict theory regarding class
- Conflict theory regarding race and ethnicity
- Conflict theory regarding gender
- Conflict theory regarding religion
- Conflict theory regarding region
In conclusion about Karl Marx theory
As you can see, Marxian conflict theory can be applied to a number of social disputes as it relates to how one group controls the rest, the struggle within the oppressed group, and the way that the controlling group maintains power.